Bone Grafting is the process of repairing the bone mass of a patient's jaw. It is used to supplement inadequate bone structure, which may have been caused due to an injury, disease or a tooth extraction.
It is common to lose a tooth to injury, gum disease or an unavoidable tooth extraction. The jawbone associated with missing teeth can disintegrate over time, which leaves the jawbone in poor condition. This can cause a problem if you need to get a dental implant. A patient with poor quality or inadequate bone structure is not the ideal candidate for a dental implant. A dental implant requires a strong bone structure to hold the implant firmly in its place.
Besides dental implants, major bone grafts maybe necessary to correct a defective jaw that is the result of a serious injury, disease or some form of birth defect. Your dentist can repair extensive defects by using your own bone, which could be harvested from the hip and knee, depending on the size required.
Bone grafts are also performed to restore the bone in the posterior upper jaw. This is necessary when there is bone degeneration between the upper jaw and the Sinus. A procedure called 'Guided Bone Regeneration' or 'Guided Tissue Regeneration' is performed where your dentist will use a special membrane, which dissolves under your gum and also aid in bone regeneration.
Another important procedure associated with thin Sinus walls is called the 'Sinus Graft' or 'Sinus Lift Graft' procedure.